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Anticancer Foods

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Anti-Cancer Foods
Top 34 Anti-Cancer Foods image to repin / share
Background pic © Liddy Hansdottir -


(Note - this list originally appeared as part of the Anticancer Herbs page on this site - but due to the significant size of the page, we decided to divide them into two pages, one for "herbs" and one for "foods". Please see the introduction to that page for an explanation of the goal of these pages and help with the technical terms used. Also, note that spices such as turmeric appear on the "herbs" page. )

Please note - the purpose of this page is not to attempt to persuade you that "these foods will cure you of cancer". We are not making any medicinal claims here! It is important to understand this. The foods listed here have been indicated by various researches to have some preventative / protective or direct cytotoxic effect against cancer cells, usually in in vitro lab tests. However there is a lot more work to do by our good people of science before these can in general be considered "proven" to counteract cancer in humans - though these are most definitely some healthy foods and widely considered beneficial to health!

The purpose of this page is simply to present as much information as possible on the subject, in order that the person interested in the possibility of anti-cancer foods may be assisted in "doing their homework". See this page as a "starting point" for research or investigation. I've cited all references that I have found. A disclaimer is written in the small print at the foot of this page in greater detail, but it is expedient to repeat it: This page is not medical advice, nor is it intended to substitute for professional medical consultation.

List of claimed Anticancer Foods / active components


Studies have found antiproliferative and apoptosis effects of avocado on oral, prostate and other cancer cells.

Food source Anthocyanin content
(mg per 100g)
Purple Corn 1,642
Chokeberry 1,480
Red Grape 888
Eggplant 750
Black Raspberry 589
Wild Blueberry 558
Raspberry 365
Cherry 350-400
Açaí Berry 320
Marion Blackberry 317
Blackcurrant 190-270
Redcurrant 80-420
Orange ~200
Red wine 24-35

Anthocyanins (Berries, currants, eggplant, orange, red grapes, red wine, purple corn & more)

Anthocyanins are molecules belonging to the flavonoid class, and are pigments appearing red, purple or blue. These substances are found in plant tissues, particularly in red, blue, purple or black fruits. Berries such as blueberry, bilberry, cranberry, elderberry, raspberry and strawberry are anthocyanin rich and have been found by researchers to have anti-carcinogenic effects:

Black raspberries have been shown to inhibit promotion and progression of tumor cells - These studies have now reached the human trial stages -

Much research has bene done in this field - list of papers here -

To the right is a list of some of the foods with the highest anthocyanin content: (sourced from

Beta-Carotene (sweet potatoes, carrots, cantaloupe, pumpkins, butternut / other winter squash, spinach, broccoli, pink grapefruit, mango, papaya and more).

Although named after carrots, beta-carotene also occurs in a number of other fruits and vegetables. It is a red-orange pigment and is the substance that colors the carrots orange. Beta-carotene is a precursor to vitamin A in the body. Source -

Beta-carotene is reported to have cancer preventative and tumor necrosis properties. Source - Studies have shown that carotenoids possess the capacity for scavenging of DNA-damaging free radicals, suppression of angiogenesis, inhibition of cell proliferation and apoptosis induction. Source - Much more here -

Note - excessive consumption of Beta-carotene, particularly associated with supplementation / use as a food coloring, has possible adverse health effects and excess beta-carotene, once stored in the liver, cannot be converted by the body to vitamin A. In particular, excessive beta-carotene is linked to increased lung cancer risk in smokers. Source -


Some good news for coffee drinkers - in a 2011 study, caffeic acid, found in not only coffee but also olive oil and some fruits and vegetables, has been discovered to have a "potent anticancer effect" on the HT-1080 human fibrosarcoma cell line.

Cruciferous vegetables (i.e. Broccoli, cabbage, brussels sprouts etc)

The cruciferous vegetables are vegetables of the Brassicaceae family. The family includes Broccoli, cabbage, brussels sprouts, bok choi, cauliflower, chinese cabbage, arugula, kale and others. Source -

Lots of recent scientific research, some from prestigious labs, much very recent, supporting anticancer properties of various cruciferous vegetables. Sulforaphane, found in cruciferous vegetables, has been found to suppress proliferation of KPL-1 human breast cancer cells and induce apoptosis:
Lists of studies here -
and here -

In other research, consumption of cruciferous vegetables has been associated with reduced cardiovascular disease. Source -


Fish containing eicosapentaenoic acid have correlated with reduced cancer risk. This effect has been found to be increased in combination with lycopene (see tomatoes).


Numerous scientific studies showing encouraging results for lignans extracted from flaxseed oil, particularly with breast cancer cells. Studies here -
Interestingly, flaxseed oil was found to enhance the tumor-reducing effects of Trastuzumab, an anticancer drug, in a 2010 study from te University of Toronto.

Garlic (Allium sativum)

Numerous scientific papers, many recent, report positively on investigation into anticancer effects of garlic and extracted compounds.


In a study of 35,239 male residents of Washington state aged 50-76, use of grapeseed supplements was associated with a 41% reduced risk of prostate cancer.

Lots of encouraging research around grapeseed in the cancer prevention arena - more here


Certain mushrooms contain polysaccharides which are reported to be beneficial in strengthening the immune system. Other compounds in mushrooms are also thought to have anticancer effects. Mushrooms reported as anticancer include:
Phellinus rimosus, Ganoderma oregonense ("Lacquer Fungus"), Coprinopsis cinerea, Tricholomopsis rutilans ("Plums and Custard"), Coprinellus disseminatus ("Crumble Cap") source for the above -, Shiitake, maitake, reishi (Ganoderma lucidum), Agaricus blazei Murill, and Coriolus versicolor. Source -
More research here -

Important note - mushrooms should only be wild harvested by true experts who can identify toxic species accurately!

Olives / olive oil

Part of the "mediterranean diet", olive oil has been associated with a lower incidence of colorectal cancer. Several substances in olive oil may contribute to its anticancer effects -

Several other studies -

Oranges and Lemons

Oranges an lemons contain limonene which is reported to stimulate cancer killing immune cells. Source -


Papaya extract found to have antiproliferative effect on breast cancer cell line MCF-7:


Substances such as polysaccharides / phlorotannins from some seaweeds have been found to have anticancer properties. Studies here - - Ecklonia cava Kjellman - Hizikia fusiforme - Champia feldmannii - Fucoidan (polysaccharide found in brown seaweed) - also see pinnantifida


Although some consider soy controversial, it has been claimed that Japanese women whose diets contain much soy are four times less likely to die of breast cancer than American women. Even among the Japanese, those who eat the most soy get the least cancer. Source - The article referenced also suggests to eat more whole-soy products and not to rely on processed soy products such as soy burgers, soy sauce, and soy beverages.

Soy contains isoflavones and these have been found to induce apoptosis (cell death) in cancer cells in lab tests. Much research here -

The isoflavone in soy that is reported to have the greatest anticancer properties is genistein. Soy flakes, soy nuts, soy flour and roasted soybeans have the highest content of genistein, with soy milk, soy burgers and tofu having the least. Source -

Tapioca (Cassava)

Not tapioca itself, but the plant from which it is made, was the subject of some interesting research which I thought worthy of mention. Genetic material from the plant was used to create a treatment that killed a brain tumor in vivo:

Tea (Camellia sinensis)

Tea contains Polyphenols, which have been the focus of much interest from anticancer research studies. Green, black, white and other teas are all made from the plant Camellia sinensis, but are created by different post-harvest processes and have widely differing polyphenol content. Enzymatic oxidation causes the tea to darken.

Catechins found in green tea have been found to " possess remarkable therapeutic potential against various types of human cancer cells in vitro and in vivo models". Much research has been done in this field - 1,470 search results on Pubmed -

Much of the cancer research on tea has focused on green tea; however black tea has been much researched and shown promise - Also a few interesting papers have appeared on white tea - such as .


Lycopene, a substance found in tomatoes, is considered an antioxidant. It has also been found to have some anticancer activity. A number of papers on this - Interestingly, it is reported that oils must be consumed with the tomato for proper absorption. This has been seen as a vindication of the "mediterranean diet" - itself a subject of anticancer research.

Wu Xing Soup

Something of an obscure one, this. As far as I can ascertain, Wu Xing Soup (difficult to find information on it) means "five flavors" soup. Wuxing / Wu Xing is the Chinese name for the Taoist system of five elements (wood, fire, earth, metal, water) - but is also the name for a region, so I am not sure of the connotation. According to Wuxing soup is "made of burdock, white radish, carrot, dry mushroom and the leaves of white radish", and has a legend of antitumor effect in folk medicine.

What I did manage to find, however, was that it has been the subject of research for anticancer properties. I found two papers reporting on anticancer properties of Wuxing soup - and these are listed below:

"The anti-tumour effect of Wuxing soup and its mechanism in inducing apoptosis of tumour cells mediated by calcium" -

"The anti-tumour effect of Wuxing soup and its effect on the immunity of melanoma mice" -

(more soon). See also Anticancer Herbs

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